Spatial Dynamics of Deprivation/Inequality in Russian Federation
Lecture on class: Living with Risk: Post-Soviet Welfare State and Daily Life Uncertainties in Russia October 21, 2014
“A quantitatively orientated social scientist specialized in poverty and inequalities in post-socialist space, and in open source software carpentry”
My PhD research embeds in the discussion of welfare state development in post-socialist space. Within this discussion my study will contribute to the debate on outcomes of income redistribution schemes on household poverty and economic inequality. The current working title of my PhD thesis is: Poverty, place and income redistribution - Analysis of poverty dynamics and welfare state development in post-socialist transition.
My theoretical approach embraces the importance of place both, in terms of poverty and inequality. As is commonly known post-socialist transition is a story of widening social inequalities and deepening poverty. In my view, post-socialist transition is, first and foremost, a story of widening spatial inequalities and deepening of place-based poverty (due to local economy, degradation of physical and social services infrastructure; selective labour migration; etc). During the transition the place of residence has become increasingly important determinant of household well-being in addition to traditional socioeconomic determinants, as profession, education or sex.
My research includes both cross-national comparative and cross-regional country specific studies using surveys as primary body of data. There are recent studies showing that the cross-national differences in living standards between Eastern and Western countries are dimishing, while the territorial, within country, differences have been growing. One aim of social policies is redistribution: lessening the inequalities and reducing of poverty. In this respect I’m particularly interested in how social policies coincide with spatial variation of economic inequality and poverty. As poverty is increasingly rooted in place besides social structures, should social programs, aimed at alleviating poverty, be analysed both in terms of social and spatial effectiveness?
Nokia leikkaa Suomessa 3700 työpaikkaa - Salon tehdas suljetaan - Kansan Uutiset 14.6.2012
Kainuun liitto ei hyväksy te-toimistojen lakkauttamista - Kainuun Sanomat 25.8.2014
“Everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related than distant things.” Tobler's first law of geography
Social scientists are interested in situations in which various types of agents - individuals, political parties, groups, countries - interact with one another. In many cases, the outcomes or incentives for actions of individual actors do not depend solely on the attributes of particular individuals, but on the structure of the system, their position within it, and their interactions with other individuals. Ward, Michael D., and Kristian Skrede Gleditsch. Spatial Regression Models. SAGE, 2008.
Spatial scale is important because it defines the territorial resolution by which processes creating inequality work out and the arena for targeting policy and political action (Lobao et all 2008)
A functional region or Nodal region, is a region that has a defined core that retains a specific characteristic that diminishes outwards. To be considered a Functional region, at least one form of spatial interaction must occur between the center and all other parts of the region. A functional region is organized around a node or focal point with the surrounding areas linked to that node by transportation systems, communication systems, or other economic association involving such activities as manufacturing and retail trading. Wikipedia
|Russia||Moscow||Best of regions||Worst of regions|
|GDP per capita||18 260||37 088||46 359 (Tjumen)||1 988 (Ingushetia)|
|Birth rate||15||14||33 (Chechen Republic)||12 (Leningrad)|
|Infant mortality||81||67||40 (Hanty Mansijsk)||160 ( Chechen Republic)|
|Life expectancy||687||736||783 (Ingushetia)||582 (Chukotka)|